Childbirth Education And Nursing Education

Afza.Malik GDA

Maternal Education and Nursing Responsibilities

Childbirth Education And Nursing Education

What is Childbirth Education,Nursing Role In Childbirth Education,Formal Child Birth Education, CINAHL Literature Overview On Childbirth Education,Expectant Father And Child Birth Education,Prenatal Education Related to Breast Feeding.

What is Childbirth Education

    Childbirth education focuses on the learning needs of expectant families and covers a broad range of topics from the physical care needs of expectant women to the psychosocio cultural needs of the new family. 

    The goal of childbirth education is to assist families in acquiring the knowledge and skills necessary to achieve a healthy transition through the childbearing process and initial phases. of parenthood. 

    Classes range from courses designed for those considering pregnancy through courses dealing with infant care needs and early parenting issues.

Nursing Role In Childbirth Education

    Nurses are the professional practitioners who assume the primary responsibility for teaching childbirth education classes within the United States. 

    Nurses are in a unique position to serve as childbirth educators because of their broad base of knowledge including both the behavioral and biological sciences. In addition, nursing's focus on caring and emphasis on client education enable nurses to guide families toward their childbirth goals with sensitivity using appropriate educational methods. 

    Nurses are the health professionals within the hospital environment who provide the majority of hands-on care and labor support. 

    Thus, nurses are in a strategic position to act as patient advocates and to provide anticipatory guidance regarding the decision making that is often required during a birth within an increasingly complex health care system.

Formal Child Birth Education

    Formal childbirth education in the United States began with the classes in hygiene, nutrition, and baby care provided by the American Red Cross. During the early part of the 20th century, classes on childbirth and family care became increasingly available to American women. 

    However, the classes provided little information regarding coping with the stresses related to labor. With the shift from the female controlled, social model of child-birth to the medical illness model of child-birth that occurred during the first half of the 20th century, the scientific community paid increasing attention to the control of pain during labor. 

    Thus, classes initially focused on management of pain related to childbirth (Ondeck, 2000). Contemporary childbirth education dates back to the work of Dick-Read, Lamaze, and Bradley. 

    The notion of pain during labor as secondary to fear and the use of psychological conditioning methods to reduce both the fear and the pain became the basis for "natural childbirth." While philosophical differences still exist among childbirth education methods, common aspects of all programs include education on: 

(a) the physical process of labor

(b) physical and psychological conditioning methods

 (c) supportive assistance during the birthing process.

CINAHL Literature Overview On Childbirth Education

    A review of the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) for the years 1997-2003 reveals 173 published research-based articles listed under the keywords "childbirth education." 

    wide variety of topics are covered including: 

(a) postpartum skills such as parenting and breastfeeding

(b) classes for special populations such as grandparents, siblings, fathers, teens, disabled persons, and preparenthood couples

(c) effects of mother-friendly and baby-friendly hospital protocols

(d) self-care measures during pregnancy and labor such as nutrition, fitness, pain control, breathing, and relaxation techniques

(e) effects of medical interventions such as epidural anesthesia, analgesics, and cesarean deliveries

(f) caregiver effects focusing on the outcomes achieved by midwives and doulas

(g) childbirth educator competencies and reaching methods.

Expectant Father And Child Birth Education

    Expectant fathers are currently the focus of many research efforts. Greenhalgh, Slade. and Spiby (2000) reported that fathers at rending childbirth education classes who wished to avoid information perceived as threatening had significantly less fulfilling childbirth experiences than similar fathers who did not attend classes. 

    These finding questions whether traditional mother-focused childbirth education classes meet the varying needs of fathers, some of whom are eager to participate in the childbirth experience and others who are reluctant to do so. 

    Diemer's (1997) quasi-experimental study comparing traditional prenatal classes with classes using father-focused discussion groups found a decrease in psychological symptoms and greater improvement in spousal relationships for men attending father-focused groups. 

    The need for attention to the special interests of fathers was also supported by the work of McElligott (2001) and Smith (1999) who reported men's need for information about their unique contribution to the childbearing experience.

Prenatal Education Related to Breast Feeding

    Prenatal education related to breast-feeding continues to be a major focus of research. Cox and Turnbull (1998) reported that at tending a breast-feeding workshop significantly increased both women's confidence level and the length of time the women breast fed their infants. 

    Britton's (1998) qualitative study of the sources used by women for breast-feeding information identified discord between women's expectations of breast-feeding and the reality of the experience. 

    This study underscored the continuing need for prenatal breast-feeding education courses and development of peer-support and self-help groups.

    A third area receiving continuing attention concerns childbirth education methods and content. The need for use of adult learning principles and identification of specific learner needs is continually reinforced. 

    In addition, extension of the traditional childbirth education program to include gender-specific information on early parenting skills is supported (Callaghan, Jones, & Leonard, 2001; Schmid, Myors, Wills, & Cook, 2002).

    Lamaze International (2002) presented a position paper for the 21st century which identifies the need to reshape the birth environment to be supportive of women's confidence, control, and comfort as we

    ll as maintaining rewarding family interactions through encouragement and support. With the advent of the mother-friendly and baby-friendly initiatives, additional research is needed to identify educational needs of both consumers and practitioners that will support cost-effective, collaborative policies and high levels of consumer satisfaction. 

    In addition, continued examination of the traditional course content in light of the needs of fathers and special populations is required. Use of the internet as a media for childbirth education has not been reported in the literature. 

    Online courses and support groups may provide a fruitful avenue for childbirth educators wishing to provide high-quality, yet convenient, classes for today's busy families.

Post a Comment


Give your opinion if have any.

Post a Comment (0)

#buttons=(Ok, Go it!) #days=(20)

Our website uses cookies to enhance your experience. Check Now
Ok, Go it!